"Employer Shall Not Make Females Work Night Shifts" Ruled Unconstitutional 女性可拒絕夜間工作 大法官宣告條文違憲

Last week, constitutional judges ruled that the right of female workers to refuse working night shifts was unconstitutional. The decision worries labor unions that female workers are losing bargaining chips on extra night shift subsidies, such as taxi expense reimbursements. Lawmakers are calling on the Ministry of Labor to revise laws as soon as possible.


A law that prevented employers from forcing women to work night shifts was declared unconstitutional by Taiwan's Constitutional Court. Article 49 of the Labor Standards Act says "An employer shall not make his/her female worker perform her work between ten o'clock in the evening and six o'clock in the following morning" without consent from a labor union or the approval of a labor-management conference. The article provides employees more bargaining power to fight for better wages and perks.For example, the media industry, which requires personnel to work around the clock, allows workers to charge nighttime taxi fees home to the company regardless of gender.

Cheng Ya-hui, Former FTV Union Chair:” If female employees work past 11 p.m., the company gives us a NT$200 transportation subsidy. As our office recently moved to Linkou, the company also subsidizes our transportation costs between Linkou and Taipei now.” 

On Aug. 20, however, the Constitutional Court decided to void the law, citing Article 7 of the Constitution, which states that all citizens, irrespective of sex, shall be equal before the law. Unions are worried this may mean the end of transportation and night shift subsidies for female workers, and lawmakers are calling on the Ministry of Labor to revise laws.

Cheng Ya-hui, Former FTV Union Chair:” If the company tells me I can no longer charge taxi fees to the company, does that mean I have to pay the NT$700-plus myself?”

Lai Hsiang-ling, Legislator (TPP):” The Constitutional Court is advocating equality and progress with this ruling, which is an issue that would be very difficult to resolve through labor-capital negotiations. However, the result is that workers now have to accept whatever arrangements employers decide to go with.”

Tsai Ying-chieh, Section Chief, Ministry of Labor Department of Labor and Standards:” We will ask scholars and experts to weigh in as quickly as possible, and sort through the “constitutional interpretation.

The ministry says pregnant or breastfeeding workers can still say no to being put on the night shift and it will ask experts to weigh in on the ruling. Lai Hsiang-ling is calling on the ministry to draft amendments before the Mid-Autumn Festival and to establish a labor union subsidy platform.

 

 

飛國際線的空服員時常日夜顛倒,基本上女性勞工都會配合排班,但其實原先勞基法也賦予女性,有拒絕的權利,原本勞基法第49條的第1項,規範雇主在勞資協商或工會同意前,不得要求女性,晚上9點到隔天早上6點提供勞務,因此讓工會多了談判籌碼。像必須輪值大、小夜班的媒體工作者,就和電視台協商,不論男、女員工,夜間工作後回家,都可報帳計程車費。

民視工會前理事長/剪接師 鄭雅慧:「女性夜間工作的時候,其實我們超過晚上11點之後公司除了給我們200塊的交通補助,那因為最近又搬到比較遠的林口地區,所以公司現在是讓我們從林口回台北的時候,可以全程補助我們的交通費。」

然而,20號大法官宣告做成第807號解釋,直指勞基法第49條第1項,違反性別平等、宣告「違憲」,法條立即失效,使得工會相當擔心,原先公司提供的交通津貼、夜間工作津貼,會連帶遭到取消,所以有立委要求勞動部,立刻修法補救。

民視工會前理事長/剪接師 鄭雅慧:「我在想如果我今天去上班然後突然接到公司說,今天不能再坐計程車回家,那700多塊計程車費是不是我自己要負擔?我自己要吸收?」

民眾黨立委 賴香伶:「我認為今天大法官他站在一個平權進步價值上,去撼動了一個在工時裡面,很難透過勞資力量去完成協商的(權益),反而是變成個別性勞工,必須接受資方的安排。」

勞動部勞動條件司科長 蔡瑩潔:「我們會邀集各個學者專家,我們來盡速釐清各個爭點以及大法官他們解釋的意涵,到底在哪裡。」

勞動部表示,懷孕或哺乳期間的女性勞工,仍可拒絕夜間工作,至於釋憲引發的爭議,將邀集專家會談、研議對策。賴香伶要求勞動部在中秋節之前,提出修法版本,並成立協助平台,讓現有工會好不容易爭取到的夜間工作補貼,不會就此一筆勾銷。

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