Institute Demos How Food Is Scanned for Radiation 國內輻射檢驗集中分工 福食進口成考驗

The Atomic Energy Council says Taiwan has sufficient inspection capacity in response to worries after the government announced it would allow food imports from five Japanese prefectures affected by the Fukushima nuclear disaster.



Check it by scanning.

A handheld radiation detector is used to scan the outer packaging of the food sample. Once it's confirmed there is no contamination, the package is placed inside a machine.

Now you can place it inside the machine.

The machine begins to test whether the food sample contains radioactive materials, including iodine-131, cesium-134, and cesium-137. The entire process takes 20 to 30 minutes. This machine is located at the Atomic Energy Council's Institute of Nuclear Energy Research. At present, 90 percent of the food products requiring testing for radioactive materials are sent here. It can test over 10,000 food samples a year. The institute says it has increased the number of detectors to seven and has sufficient capacity now that the Executive Yuan has lifted the ban on imports of Japanese food products from five areas affected by the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster.

Huang Ping-chi, Assoc. Researcher, Inst. of Nuclear Energy Research:"The Executive Yuan said it estimates that an additional 8,000 to 10,000 samples will need to be tested. The seven radiation detectors here are capable of testing 35,200 samples a year."

At present, there are 10 facilities capable of detecting radiation in food products, including National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University in Taipei, a Taipower lab and Department of Health in New Taipei City, Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology Nuclear Research Institute in Taoyuan, and National Tsing Hua University in Hsinchu. The Food and Drug Administration's Central Center for Regional Administration is in charge of testing for central Taiwan, while the south has the AEC's Radiation Monitoring Work Station and Kaohsiung's Department of Health. 

Jay Wu, Professor, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University:"The current market-end testing capacity of city and county governments may be insufficient."

Tainan's Public Health Bureau said food imports from the five areas will increase significantly in the future, and it hopes local governments can take charge of all the testing.

Voice of Chu Chiao-chun, Division Director, Public Health Bureau, Tainan City:"Testing requirements may increase. Right now, we are actively making plans to purchase relevant testing equipment."

The Institute of Nuclear Energy Research currently handles the majority of testing of food imports into Taiwan. Although it has procured additional equipment and increased its staff from 12 to 16, imports are expected to rise significantly once the ban is officially lifted, resulting in greater demand for testing. Taoyuan City Mayor Cheng Wen-tsan said his city has one rapid testing machine for food and may obtain more to help with all the testing.

 

 

「偵檢掃描。」

手持式輻射偵測器,先掃描食物樣本外包裝,確認無污染後。接著放進這個機器裡面。

「就可以把它擺到這個機器裡面。」

"鉛"屏蔽偵檢器,開始檢測,食品樣本中,是否含有放射性物質,碘131、銫134及銫137。整個檢測過程,需耗時約20到30分。這裡是原能會核能研究所,福島食品解禁前,全台約九成食品,檢驗是否含放射性物質,都送到這裡來。每年約可檢測上萬件食物樣本,而且強調已經擴充7部檢測設備,檢測量能充足。

原能會核能研究所副研究員 黃玶吉表示:「行政院說,預估會增加8千到1萬件的樣本。建置的七部輻射偵檢器,那可以因應大概是3萬5千200件,一年的檢測量。」

目前國內檢測食品中,放射性含量機構,台北有陽明交通大學,新北有台電放射實驗室,及新北市衛生局,桃園有核研所,新竹有清大,中部則由食藥署中區管理處負責,南部有原能員會輻射偵測中心,還有高雄市衛生局等,可提供檢測服務,全台約有10機構。

陽明交通大學醫學放射系教授 吳杰表示:「各地方縣市政府,個別的市場端的一個檢驗抽樣,(目前檢驗量能)這個可能就會不夠。」

不過,台南市衛生局表示,未來福島食品大增,希望地方能夠自主消化相關食品檢測。

台南市府衛生局檢驗中心主任 朱巧君表示:「可能我們的檢驗需求量會增加,那目前我們也是積極的在規劃,就是要採購相關的檢驗設備。」

由於原能會核研所,目前大多處理來台邊境食物樣本,雖然實驗室增加檢測設備,人力也從12人增加到16人,但福島食品即將開放,屆時進口量大增,各地方需要抽驗把關,桃園市長鄭文燦也表達,桃園目前有一套輻射食品快速篩檢儀,不排除增設更多儀器設備,協助消化食品檢測。
 

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