Executive Yuan Passes Revisions to State Compensation Law 政院通過國賠法修正草案 放寬申請條件

The Executive Yuan has passed revisions to the State Compensation Law that lower the threshold for state compensation claims against judges. However, one prosecutor says the revision is filled with vague language that will pave the way for legal abuse.


Many people were injured during the Sunflower Student Movement in 2014, with 20-plus protestors later accusing the police of brutality and suing for state compensation. The Executive Yuan has passed draft amendments to the State Compensation Law to lower the threshold for state compensation claims and prevent the judicial system from infringing on human rights and freedom.

Lo Ping-cheng (Sept. 2, 2021), Executive Yuan Spokesperson:"Article 17 of the current law has been overhauled and expanded to Article 43 and also expands state compensation criteria for acts infringing on citizen freedoms and rights."

Originally, citizens could only file for state compensation if prosecutors or judges infringed on their freedom or rights during the course of an investigation or trial. If the revisions are promulgated, citizens can get state compensation on top of penalties against judicial officials including termination and dismissal.

Hsiao Yung-chang, Taipei City Prosecutor:"The proposed revisions fail to clearly and precisely explain why they were undertaken in the first place, and out of the blue. Which issues are these state compensation criteria addressing?"

One Taipei City prosecutor says the revisions pave the way for abuse of the law because they are filled with vague legal concepts open to interpretation that make judicial compliance impossible. In addition, the future inclusion of jury members means no one will be willing to serve on a jury. In response, the Judicial Yuan says different perspectives will be presented to lawmakers to protect judicial independence and human rights.
 

 

2014年太陽花學運,抗議群眾從立法院轉進行政院,員警暴力驅離,造成多人受傷,20多人不滿警方執法過當,提起國賠,因公務員故意或過失,造成民眾權益受損,可依法訴請國賠,現在,行政院更通過"國賠法"修正草案,放寬對司法官聲請國賠門檻,要防止司法侵害人權和自由。

行政院發言人 羅秉成(110.9.2)表示:「現行條文是17條,全文修正後擴增到43條,也擴增司法官執行審判,或者是追溯職務,侵害人民自由,或權利的國家賠償責任要件。」

在行政院主導下,原本,只有在檢察官和法官審判或偵辦時,發生侵害民眾權利、自由等行為,且要經判決確定屬實,民眾才能依法提起,若修法通過,將新增司法官受到免職、撤職的懲戒處分確定,民眾也可以要求國賠,但此次修改,引發司法界譁然,抨擊宛如遭到突襲。

台北地檢署檢察官 蕭永昌表示:「提出的修正案,無法更清楚明確的告訴大家,為什麼我們今天會突發奇想地,增加這樣子的國賠要件。而我們這樣的國賠要件,是打算處理什麼樣的問題。」

台北地檢署檢察官認為,可能有民眾會有錯誤期待,甚至無限上綱,導致濫訴,直言此次修法,充滿過多天馬行空的法律概念,各自解讀,更讓司法官無所適從,而未來,修法範圍更擴及國民法官,恐影響國人擔任國民法官的意願,司法院則回應,將從憲法等角度向立法院表示意見,讓相關規定兼顧司法獨立和人民權益。
 

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