Vice President Chen Chien-jen presided over a press conference to present four Constitutional Court justice nominees on May 27. The four candidates nominated by President Tsai Ing-wen are Judicial Yuan Secretary-General Lu Tai-liang, Ministry of Examination Minister Tsai Tzung-jen, National Taiwan University College of Law Professor Shieh Ming-yan, and Kaohsiung High Administrative Court Judge Yang Hui-ching. The gender ratio is equal.
The terms of four Constitutional Court justices, Su Chen Beyue, Huang Hsi-chun, Lo Chang-fa, and Dennis Tang, end on Sept. 30. President Tsai Ing-wen has decided on their replacements, and the list was announced by Vice President Chen Chien-jen, who serves as the convener of the justice nomination and review committee, on May 27. Judicial Yuan Secretary-General Lu Tai-liang was on the list, as expected.
The Constitutional Interpretation Procedural Act was promulgated on Jan. 4 this year. It will be implemented once three years have passed since its promulgation, in 2022. This means that in the future, the manner in which justices hear cases will change from meetings to court litigation to usher in a new age for constitutional interpretations.
Lu is a long-time advocate of judicial reform and representative judge, and currently serves as the secretary-general of the Judicial Yuan. The other nominees are National Taiwan University College of Law Professor Shieh Ming-yan, Kaohsiung High Administrative Court President and Judge Yang Hui-ching, and Ministry of Examination Minister Tsai Tzung-jen. The practice of maintaining a balance between judges and scholars was followed, and the gender ratio was also maintained.
(Shieh Ming-yan claimed that National Taiwan University did not educate Ma Ying-jeou well.) I think the most important thing for us to do today is report on how we selected these nominees through the review process. After we deliver the list to the Legislative Yuan, legislators will deliberate the nominees.
During the 2014 Sunflower Student Movement, Shieh claimed that he had failed to teach former President Ma Ying-jeou well. As a result, his nomination was controversial. The list will be sent to the Legislative Yuan, which will exercise its authority over personnel nominations. There are 15 justices on the Constitutional Court. Eight were nominated by Ma and seven by the current president. If the current president's four latest nominees are confirmed, she will hold a majority in the court.