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INSPECTION OF COACH DRIVERS' WORKING CONDITIONS|遊覽車超時駕駛狀況 即日起全台稽查

Good Morning Taiwan
2017-02-17
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After the freeway bus crash that killed 33 people, the working conditions of bus drivers have come into focus. There is speculation that the bus driver's long working hours were a factor in the crash. (On Feb. 16/Yesterday) the Ministry of Labor and the Ministry of Transportation and Communications announced that starting immediately they would conduct joint inspections of each and every travel company, chartered bus service and transport company throughout Taiwan. The inspection will first focus on companies who repeatedly violated regulations, and have had poor evaluations in the past.

==KUO KUO-WEN Deputy Minister of Labor==
From today we will undertake comprehensive inspection of all companies.

The Ministry of Labor and the Ministry of Transportation and Communications announced that starting immediately they would conduct joint inspections of each and every travel company and coach and transport company throughout Taiwan. They particularly emphasized the fact that all companies would come under scrutiny.

==CHEN YAN-PO Dir-Gen. MOTC DGH==
We will start our inspection with the class C and D coaches. The points we will be inspecting include the work assignment list, the rental contract, the black box recorder and so on. There are 51 class C coach companies and 21 class D coach companies.

According to work regulations for drivers, passenger vehicle company drivers should not drive for over 10 hours a day and after driving continuously for 4 hours they should rest for 30 minutes. However, the 10 hours means the actual time that they are behind the wheel. Thus the period during which passengers disembark from the vehicle and the driver is on standby, is not counted. Under Ministry of Labor regulations, standby, prior preparation and post-cleaning of the coach is included in the length of working hours, which may not exceed 12 hours. This has been criticised as a discrepancy in the definition of working hours, but the MOL says that in fact, both should be met.

==LIU CHUAN-MING Dir. MOL Occupational Health and Safety Div. ==
Standby and rest during work, as well as preparatory work, are all periods when the worker not free to do anything else. These are all items that are covered by payment in the contract, they are all work. The Standard Labor Act set work periods for drivers is all be the same as the labor standards for passenger vehicle industry drivers.

Regarding suggestions that there should be two drivers to avoid fatigue, the Directorate General of Highways said that it would make relevant arrangements or have substitute drivers. The MOL believes that more consideration is needed to evaluate if having two drivers really does overcome issues of driver fatigue. The joint inspection will start on April 20 and any substandard companies will incur serious penalties.

TRANSLATED BY:CLARE LEAR

武陵賞櫻團國道翻車意外,引發各界關注遊覽車駕駛,是否有超時工作的狀況。勞動部和交通部,在昨天下午宣布,即日起,會針對旅行社、遊覽車客運業者進行聯合稽查,全台不限家數,最先鎖定評鑑不佳、經常性違規的業者。

==勞動部次長 郭國文==
從今天開始(稽查)
全國 全面不限家數

喊出「不限家數」,要針對交通運輸業和旅遊業進行稽查。在國道翻車意外發生後,遊覽車司機是否有超時工作、疲勞駕駛的問題,引發高度關注,勞動部和交通部宣布,要展開聯合稽查計畫。

==交通部公路總局局長 陳彥伯==
遊覽車 我們是以
評鑑列為丙等跟丁等的
為一個查緝的一個對象
那檢查的重點 當然包括了
派車單 租車的契約
或者是行車紀錄器等等
相關的一個資料
列為丙等的大概有51家
列為丁等的大概有21家

根據目前的駕駛工時規範,汽車運輸業管理規則規定,每天駕車時間,不得超過10小時、連續駕車4小時,要休息30分鐘,但10小時指的是手握方向盤的時間,因此乘客下車的待命時間,通常不算工時。而在勞基法則是規定,包含待命、發車前後的整理時間,全部都算在工作時間裡,一天不得超過12小時。外界批評工時定義不同調,但勞動部強調,沒有不同調,兩者都要符合。

==勞動部職業安全衛生署署長 劉傳名==
待命 補充性工作
準備性工作 都是屬於
勞工不能夠自由運用的時間
都屬於勞動契約給付的一些事項
所以 它是屬於工作時間
勞動基準法裡面的工作時間
(駕駛員)應該要同時符合
勞動基準法
和汽車運輸業管理規則
相關的一些規定

另外針對外界建議啟用雙駕駛避免司機過勞,公路總局表示,未來會有相關安排、或替代駕駛的準備;而勞動部則認為,雙駕駛是否能避免工時過長問題還要考量。至於這次的聯合稽查,預計會持續進行到4月20號、事業單位要是違反情節重大,將依法加重處分。

記者 曹晏郡 蔣龍祥 台北報導