Environmental Groups Warn of Overfishing Crisis 環團籲政院 速將海保法送立院審議

A survey jointly conducted by Greenpeace Taiwan and the National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium found that six types of fish sold at fish markets have become a lot smaller. They urged the Executive Yuan to send the draft bill of a marine conservation act to the legislature for review.


Fishmonger stands have been set up in front of the Executive Yuan. The stand on the left displays models of fish from the 1990s, which are clearly larger than the ones on the right, which were purchased in 2023 at an Yilan fish market. Greenpeace Taiwan and the National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium researchers jointly conducted a survey of fish markets in Keelung, Yilan, Kaohsiung, Pingtung, and other places and collected 1,716 valid specimens. They discovered that 70 percent of mackerels, blackthroat seaperches, jack mackerels, horsehead tilefish, threadfin porgies, and white pomfrets had not reached half the body length of sexual maturity.

He Hsuan-ching, Researcher, Nat'l Museum of Marine Biology & Aquarium: “It was over 90 percent for white pomfrets, mackerels, and horsehead tilefish. If they're caught at this stage, then they won't have a chance to reproduce and help with the sustainability of their species. This is very unsustainable.”

Models of fish from the 1990s were compared with the fish that is being sold now. There was a huge size difference, which shows that the oceans are being overfished. Young fish don't have a chance to grow up and produce the next generation, which will lead to ecological imbalances. Meanwhile, the Executive Yuan has been sitting on a marine conservation act for many years. Environmental groups urged the Executive Yuan to take action.

Tommy Chung, Director, "Project Ocean," Greenpeace Taiwan: “The important role played by a marine conservation act is to enlarge marine conservation districts and allow them to be effectively supervised. When they are healthy, fish will naturally gather. Once that happens, they will spread to new areas.”

Chen Ying-jung, Executive Yuan Department Director: “We will continue working hard to get it delivered to the legislature as quickly as possible.”

The Executive Yuan sent a representative to speak with the environmental groups. She said the review of the bill has already been completed and efforts will be made to deliver it to the legislature during the current session. The groups said the Executive Yuan had already broken its promise to send it last year and urged the Tsai administration not to destroy Taiwan's rich fishery resources.

 

 

 

將魚攤搬到行政院前,左邊呈現的是1990年代的魚,明顯比右邊2023年在宜蘭魚市場買來的魚尺寸大上好幾倍,綠色和平跟海生館研究員合作調查,走訪基隆、宜蘭、高雄、屏東等地市場,蒐集1716筆有效樣本。結果發現鯖魚、黑喉、竹筴魚、馬頭魚、盤仔以及白鯧,有7成未達性成熟體長的一半,更有3種高達9成都不到。

海洋生物博物館研究員何宣慶指出:「白鯧、鯖魚、馬頭,這些其實都是超過90%的被捕撈上來了,牠沒有機會繁殖下一代,沒有機會進入延續牠的族群,所以這件事情是非常不永續的。」

環團代表拿起90年代魚模型與現在的販賣的魚相比,大小差很大,強調顯示出海洋過度捕撈的危機,小魚來不及長大繁殖下一代,導致海洋生態失衡,不滿行政院至今還讓《海洋保育法》躺著,要求儘速送出行政院。

綠色和平海洋專案主任鍾孟勳表示:「所以海洋保育法在這裡,它所扮演的重要的角色是讓所有的海洋保護區可以被擴大,可以被有效的管理,海洋保護區的生態健康,生態好了,魚群自然會聚集,聚集之後會外溢。」

行政院交環處長陳盈蓉提及 :「我們後續會再繼續加油努力,趕快儘速讓它送到立法院。」

行政院代表出面與環團代表溝通,強調已經完成審議作業,會努力在這個會期送到立法院。環保團體強調,海洋生態危機近在眼前,原本承諾去(2022)年送審的《海洋保育法》一直跳票,呼籲蔡政府不要葬送豐富漁業資源。

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