Anping Fort to Be Renamed Fort Zeelandia 安平古堡更名「熱蘭遮堡」 文史工作者有異見

Tainan historians are against the name change of a proposal to merge two national historic sites in Anping Fort and rename it into Fort Zeelandia. 


The red brick walls are one of Anping Fort's calling cards. In 2020, the refurbishment of nearby residences uncovered additional architectural relics. The Tainan City Government applied to the Bureau of Cultural Heritage to classify the entire site as a national historic site.  

Huang En-yu, Assoc. Professor, Dept. of Architecture, NCKU: “ (After the excavation), the entire outline and shape with the sharp corners emerged, and it was the same as Vlissingen on our reconstruction map or historical images.”

Yeh Tse-shan, Director-General, Cultural Affairs Bureau, Tainan City: “There are the remnants of Taiwan City Wall and also the city wall of Fort Zeelandia and architectural relics within the city wall. It's really hard for locals to pronounce this name.”

The Bureau of Cultural Heritage has approved a name change from Anping Fort to Fort Zeelandia. Tainan's Cultural Affairs Bureau is preparing to change all the signage. Historians say Anping Fort is the result of construction by the Dutch, Koxinga, and the Japanese during the colonial period. Changing its name to Fort Zeelandia will only reflect one of those eras.

Cheng Tao-tsung, Historian: “Anping Fort is one of only a few historic sites in Taiwan to have structures from the Dutch rule, the Kingdom of Tungning, the Qing Dynasty, the Japanese colonial period, and the postwar Republic of China rule. I think for us, this fort shows the continuous piling up of Taiwanese culture, a continuous process of putting puzzle pieces together.”

Locals are used to calling the site "Anping Fort" or "Ong-siann." I called it Ong-siann, I always called it that and then Anping Fort later on.

Resident: “It's always been Anping Fort, so why would you change it?”

Scholars say people mistakenly thought that the red and white spires inside the fort were a historic site when the real historic site was the walls. They say this mistake should be rectified. The city government says it will integrate the spires and city walls to create a real historic site.

 

 

 

紅磚砌成的城牆是台南安平古堡的標誌之一,由於古堡周邊,2020年因為附近民宅改建時,發現更多建築遺構,市府向文化部文資局申請列為整體性的國定古蹟。

成大建築系副教授黃恩宇指出:「(挖出後)輪廓形狀整個發現,尖尖角角的這個特徵,就跟我們這個重建圖上面,或者是歷史圖像上面,看到的東北稜堡的形狀是一樣的。」

台南市文化局長葉澤山表示:「原台灣城的遺構,另外一個是熱蘭遮城的城垣,暨城內的建築遺構,那其實大家聽起來,這個名稱其實相當地拗口。」

為整併古蹟,文資局審議後,準備要將安平古堡更名為熱蘭遮堡,台南文化局也將因應調整觀光指標等。但文史工作者認為,安平古堡經歷荷蘭、鄭成功及日治等時期,改名熱蘭遮堡就變成獨尊一個時代。

文史工作者鄭道聰認為:「安平古堡是台灣古蹟裡面,少數擁有荷蘭、明鄭、清代、日本時代、跟戰後民國的建築物。所以我覺得這個城堡對我們來說,它正是可以顯現台灣文化是一個不斷堆疊、不斷拼圖的過程。」

不只文史工作者,早就習慣稱呼安平古堡或王城的當地人也不太認同。

當地民眾說:「我都叫王城、都叫王城,然後到後來就叫安平古堡。」

另一名民眾也反對:「自古以來就是安平古堡,那你現在又要改東改西。」

不只更名問題,還有學者建議,過去外界常將古堡內的紅白色尖塔建築誤認為古蹟,但旁邊的古城牆才是真正的古蹟,應該改正錯誤認知。對此文化局表示,未來會結合尖塔跟老城牆,營造真正的古蹟形象。