No Change to One China Policy: White House 拜登允軍事衛台 白宮.美防長:一中政策不變

U.S. President Joe Biden on Monday said he would be willing to use force to defend Taiwan, prompting thanks from Taiwan but sharp criticism from China.


U.S. President Joe Biden said at a press conference after the U.S.-Japan summit that the U.S. would use military force to defend Taiwan. Although the White House clarified that U.S. policy remains unchanged, U.S. Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin also pointed out that the One China policy has not changed. However, this is the third time in his presidential tenure that Biden has made similar remarks regarding the Taiwan Strait issue during important occasions. Many Western and Japanese media believe that Biden's comments appeared to break Washington's long-held tradition of "strategic ambiguity" on Taiwan.

Sun Li-fang, Spokesperson, Ministry of National Defense: “Our armed forces are strengthened in their determination to protect our country and citizens. We will continue to closely cooperate with all like-minded countries, including the United States, to jointly defend the values of democracy and freedom, and to maintain peace, stability, and prosperity in the Taiwan Strait and the Indo-Pacific region.”

The Ministry of National Defense responded that the country's armed forces will work with the United States and other countries with similar ideals to jointly defend the Taiwan Strait and the peaceful and stable development of the Indo-Pacific region. In the confrontation between the two major powers of the U.S. and China, analysts view Biden's remarks of support for Taiwan as a deterrence to China from easily using force against the island nation. However, does it mean that the U.S. policy toward Taiwan is becoming more strategic? Analysts believe that Biden is still passively responding to the cross-strait situation and has not broken away from an ambiguous framework, but he has added more strategic clarity in regard to Taiwan.

Li Da-jung, Associate Professor, Institute of Int'l Affairs and Strategic Studies, TKU: “I don't think there is a clear possibility that in the short term, the U.S. will completely remove its strategic ambiguity. The State Department and the Department of Defense should have a corresponding response to a very clear policy change. Currently, there isn't one.”

Analysts are also observing whether Biden's supporting remarks intensify the confrontation between the Taiwan Strait, but Li Da-jung believes that China will not respond out of the ordinary, and will, as usual, condemn the U.S. as China recognizes that U.S. actions to strengthen the Indo-Pacific region are to contain China. Analysts say unless Biden takes a more affirmative action and announced a U-turn in his own administration's policies, the U.S. will still maintain a vague strategic framework, in order to have more flexibility in handling disputes across the Taiwan Strait. 

 

 

 

美國總統拜登在美日峰會會後記者會,說出會用軍事力量防衛台灣。雖然白宮澄清美國政策不變,美國國防部長奧斯汀也指出,一中政策沒有改變,但這已經是拜登任內,第三度在重要場合就台海問題有類似的發言。外國媒體解讀拜登言論脫離戰略模糊,日本媒體也指出拜登表態美國跨越戰略模糊。

國防部發言人孫立方說:「國軍會堅定保國衛民的決心,於美國在內所有理念相近的國家,來持續的緊密合作,共同捍衛民主自由的價值,來維護台海跟印太區域的和平穩定跟繁榮。」

國防部回應,國軍將與美國在內等理念相近國家,一同保衛台海,印太地區的和平穩定發展。美中兩大強權對峙,學者分析拜登挺台言論,帶有「擦邊球」的意味,嚇阻中國不要輕易對台動武,但是否代表美國對台政策走向戰略清晰?學者認為,拜登仍屬於被動回應兩岸情勢,並沒有脫離戰略模糊的框架,但確實有增加更多戰略清晰成分。

淡江戰略所副教授李大中認為:「我不覺得說,有很明確的這種可能性,短期之內美國要完全把戰略模糊給拿掉,包括像國務院、國防部,應該就會有相對應的講法,這就叫做一個很明確的政策改變,目前來說就是沒有。」

外界也在觀察,拜登此舉是否激化台海對立。不過李大中認為,中國應該不會隨之起舞,按慣例隔空回擊美國,因為中國認知美國強化印太區域的行動,就是在圍堵中國。除非拜登主動出擊,美國政府從上到下政策急轉彎,否則美國仍維持戰略模糊框架,才有更多彈性處理台海爭議。

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