TSMC to Comply with Export Control Rules on Russia 配合制裁 台積電晶片停止出貨俄羅斯

On the first day of trading after western countries excluded Russian banks from Swift, reports on Feb. 28 indicated that the ruble's value dropped close to 30 percent. Meanwhile, TSMC confirmed that they are complying with new export control rules and have stopped providing chips to Russia. 


People made a long queue in front of local ATMs despite the cold weather. Russian citizens are waiting to withdraw currencies from ATMs across the country. Due to Western financial sanctions on Russia, the Russian ruble's value has plunged in the market and citizens are in a rush to get access to their money before they become frozen in the bank.

Peter, St. Petersburg resident: “Since Thursday (Feb. 24) everyone has been running from ATM to ATM to get cash. Some are lucky, others not so much.”

Igor, Moscow resident: “These consequences are quite upsetting. I'm used to living in the 21st century, without carrying plastic cards around. Everything is installed on my smartphone. I don't think I've used cash in five years. This is a big blow on me.”

Reports on Monday, Feb. 28 indicated that the ruble's value dropped close to 30 percent to the dollar on the first day of trading after western countries announced to exclude Russian banks from Swift. The Russian Central Bank enacted emergency measures to try to maintain financial stability and asked its people to remain calm. However, there is still a case of cash shortage and disrupt payments. 


According to U.S. media reports, Biden's penalties against Russia include various economic sanctions in an attempt to "disarm Fortress Russia" by undermining its massive war chest. The Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC), as well as other worldwide chip manufacturers, have also stopped providing chips to Russia. TSMC confirmed that they are complying with new export control rules announced by the Taiwanese government.

Liu Pei-chen, Director, Taiwan Industry Economic Services: “TSMC exports only a very small amount to Russia in the past, so it doesn't really have an impact on the company at all in this year's operation. If in the future Russia decides to retaliate, we have other supply chain sources for our natural gases and chemicals. Taiwan had diversified its sources and would therefore suffer less. We have also built up reserves of strategic materials to last for a while.”

Experts say that the TSMC exports very few chips to Russia and the effect on the semiconductor sector is minimal. Taiwan's Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOE) said that the government would join international sanctions on Russia for invading Ukraine. The MOE further said Taiwan will follow the 1996 Wassenaar Arrangement on export controls for weapons and dual-use goods and technologies to strictly scrutinize products sent to Russia.

 

 

 

天氣寒冷,但俄羅斯的提款機前排起長長隊伍,因為當地民眾擔心西方對俄羅斯銀行實施金融制裁後,沒有現金可以使用,也擔心盧布暴貶,引發擠兌潮,也導致俄羅斯的現金需求量暴增。

聖彼得堡居民Peter說:「自周四(2/24)以來,每個人都在提款機跑來跑去提取現金,有人幸運領到錢,有人沒有。」

莫斯科居民Igor則說:「這些後果確實非常令人不快,生活在21世紀已不隨身攜帶銀行卡,所有東西都安裝在我的智能手機上,我可能已經有五年沒有使用現金了,它會對我產生很大的影響。」

俄羅斯央行呼籲民眾保持冷靜,但是仍然無法緩解現金短缺,以及支付系統被擾亂的現象。就在西方國家宣布新經濟制裁後的第一個交易日,28日週一盧布對美元暴跌將近30%,貶至歷史低點。各國制裁俄羅斯的動作不斷,根據美國媒體報導,拜登政府將阻斷俄羅斯的經濟多元和支撐軍事的能力,包括台積電在內的全球晶片業者,開始停止出貨給俄羅斯,台積電也證實,遵循新宣布的出口管制規定。

台經院產經資料庫研究員暨總監劉佩真指出:「因為過去台積電出口到俄羅斯金額,一個比重是非常的微小,所以在這部分對台積電未來,在今年的營運,整體的影響可以說是微乎其微,所以未來若俄羅斯有反制動作,其實台積體不管在氣體,或者是在化學品的供應鏈,有關的風險都已經建立了相當的供應商,還有地區的多元化,所以也有相當的庫存水位,都可以足以應變未來大環境的變化。」

專家分析,台積電對俄羅斯晶片出口量占比很低,影響有限,經濟部則指出,我國已配合國際民主國家,對俄羅斯啟動制裁,依據防止武器擴散的「瓦聖納協議」,對輸往俄羅斯之產品進行嚴格審查。

 

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