申請加入CPTPP  立院經委會今開專案報告 Lawmakers review impact of CPTPP membership

Minister admits that Taiwan will see a tariff between 5-10% among agriculture and automobile industries, but emphasizes that the economy will be “worse off” should Taiwan is excluded from the agreement.


Presenter: Economic Affairs Minister Wang Mei-hua made a report at the Legislative Yuan regarding the government's decision to apply to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership. Wang said a 5 to 10 percent tariff will be expected if we become a member, but long-term losses from not joining would be even greater.

On the 22nd, Taiwan officially applied to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership. Less than a week later, the legislative Economics Committee began reviewing the potential impact of joining. Economic Affairs Minister Wang Mei-hua maintains this wasn't a hasty decision and says Taiwan has been preparing to apply to join since 2015.

Wang Mei-hua, Economic Affairs Minister:”The vast majority of domestic organizations want Taiwan to join. We also have the support of our friends including Japan and Australia.”

Wang also said while the agricultural, automotive and automotive component, and processed food industries will be detrimentally affected in the short-term, the long-term impact would be greater if Taiwan doesn't join the CPTPP. According to Wang, Taiwan's processed foods, chemicals, textiles, and industrial products will face an additional 5.5 to 10.7 percent in customs duties in Vietnam, Malaysia, Chile, Mexico and other markets if it doesn't join. The National Development Council, meanwhile, said Taiwan's GDP will fall by 0.56 percent if it doesn't join while also losing investment dollars to CPTPP countries.

Kao Shien-quey, Deputy Minister, National Development Council:”The capital magnet effect of CPTPP member nations is growing stronger, which squeezes out Taiwan for investment. This means less long-term investment in Taiwan.”

Agriculture Minister Chen Chi-chung also said 20 agricultural products including rice, pineapples, mangos, chicken and garlic would be affected if Taiwan doesn't join. Chen said Taiwan would demand lower tariffs or extended tariff reductions on rice and other "sensitive" agricultural products during negotiations.

Chen Chi-chung, Agriculture Minister:”Taiwan (exports) US$1.57 billion in (produce) but there is still a lot of room for growth. As long as we (double or triple) the numbers, we can achieve export value of NT$50 billion in five years.”

Chen also said if Taiwan gives up its ban on food from Fukushima as a concession to join, the public shouldn't worry because the government will monitor imports. According to Chen, this would a "win-win" situation.

 

 

22號正式遞交申請加入CPTPP,不到一週,27號週一立院經委會,就召開影響評估專案報告。經濟部長王美花重申,台灣申請加入,並非急就章,早在2015年,總統馬英九時代就已著手進行,是經過多年準備,而且申請也獲得日本、澳洲等友國支持。

經濟部長 王美花:「絕大多數的國內的組織,都歡迎台灣來加入,也獲得日本澳洲等友國的支持。」

王美花表示,加入CPTPP,短期受影響產業,包括農業、汽車、汽車零組件,以及加工食品等,將面臨外國產品價格挑戰。但長期評估。不加入影響更大,我國加工食品、化學、紡織等,工業產品,未來輸入越南、馬來西亞、智利、墨西哥等市場,恐面臨5.5%到10.7%高額關稅。國發會也評估試算,強調不加入,不僅會削減經濟成長率約0.56%,也會受"磁吸效應"影響,投資台灣金流,恐將轉往CPTPP會員國投資。

國發會副主委 高仙桂:「隨著CPTPP成員國的資金磁吸效應的增強,對台灣的投資產生排擠的效應,然後降低我國的長期投資。」

至於加入CPTPP農業衝擊,農委會主委陳吉仲表示,已經進行評估,可能受影響農產品,包括稻米、鳳梨、芒果、雞肉、大蒜等20項,強調會在談判過程中,爭取稻米等敏感農產品排除降稅,或延長降稅期,但強調加入後,利大於弊。

農委會主委 陳吉仲:「我台灣(農產品)現在出去的只有15.7億美元,我們還有很大的成長空間只要再把數字(加倍),我們就達到五年500億台幣的出口值。」

陳吉仲表示,外界關心,加入CPTPP,會開放進口福島食品,他強調不論是否加入,福島食品進口,都會嚴格把關,需檢附原產地證明、輻射含量證明,具備"雙證"才會放行。

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