China Applies to Join CPTPP 中國商務部9/16宣布  正式申請加入CPTPP

Legislators urge the government to join the agreement before China or Taiwan will face deterrence derived from political wrestling across the Taiwan Strait.


Presenter: China announced on Sept. 16 that it has applied to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership. Taiwan has been trying to join for years, but has not made any progress.

China has formally applied to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership. The two sides also discussed the upcoming process by teleconference.

CCTV News Anchor:”On Sept. 16, PRC Commerce Minister Wang Wentao officially submitted the application to join the CPTPP to New Zealand Minister for Trade and Export Growth Damien O'Connor.”

Taiwan has been trying to join the CPTPP for years but has not made any progress. Ruling and opposition lawmakers are calling for more aggressive action.

Chiu Chih-wei, Legislator (DPP):”At the very least, we must join before China. If we join after China and China gets in first, Taiwan won't stand a chance. This is a race against time.”

Chen Yu-jen, Legislator (KMT):”China has already (applied) to join. China joining would raise the entry bar for us joining. This is very regrettable. The Tsai administration needs to come up with a plan (to gain membership) as quickly as possible.”

The CPTPP was formerly Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) but the US formally withdrew from it after Donald Trump took office in 2017. In 2018, the CPTPP was formed by 11 nations and approval from all signatories is required for new members. The UK applied to join this past February, followed by China on Sept. 16. As the trade value of CPTPP members accounts for 24 percent of Taiwan's total trade value, Taiwan desperately needs to join if it wants regional economic integration.

Darson Chiu, Researcher, Taiwan Institute of Economic Research:”Before China applied to join, we were worried about what kind of underhanded things China was doing. With China (applying to join) now, we can use this time to openly display for the world to see both sides' commitment to free trade.”

Scholar Darson Chiu says Taiwan is at a disadvantage when it comes to customs duties and zero-tariff trade. In addition, the national security law passed in 2015 severely restricts foreign investment. Chiu says Taiwan needs to step up its membership bid in case it can get in before China.

 

 

中國商務部16號晚上10點發布消息,商務部長王文濤已經向紐西蘭提出正式申請加入CPTPP的書面信函,還進行電話會議,溝通後續工作。

中國央視主播:「9月16號中國商務部部長王文濤向全面與進步跨太平洋夥伴關係協定,也是CPTPP保存方紐西蘭貿易與出口增長部長奧康納提交了中國正式申請加入CPTPP的書面信函。」

雖然中國能否順利加入,還有待成員國的共識,但也想加入的台灣,卻遲遲沒具體進度,讓朝野立委們急呼籲。

民進黨立委 邱志偉:「最起碼一定要比中國先入會,如果比中國晚入會的話中國先入會的話,台灣就沒有機會了,這是跟時間在賽跑。」

國民黨立委 陳玉珍:「中國現在已經先(申請)加入,我們的加入應該會有讓我們的加入會有更高的門檻,這一點是很遺憾,政府實在應該要趕快想辦法(申請加入)。」

CPTPP前身是TPP,包含美國12個成員國,2017年美國時任總統川普宣布退出後,在日本積極推動下,其餘11國組成CPTPP,若有新成員要加入,需取得成員國的共識決,今年2月,英國率先提出申請,中國則在9月16日遞件申請,由於CPTPP成員國的貿易值,占我國貿易總值超過24%,對我參與區域經濟整合十分關鍵,面對中國申請CPTPP,台灣進度也備受關注。

台經院研究員 邱達生:「過去中國沒有提出要加入的時候可能我們會擔心,中國是不是有一些檯面下的手段影響。那我們也在這個時間點提出,就是公開讓國際來公平檢視,兩岸對擁抱這個自由貿易的誠意。」

學者邱達生認為,台灣在關稅或非關稅貿易障礙上,都比中國低,再加上2015年通過國安法,對於外資提高限制,在目前的時間點,台灣應該加速申請腳步,加入CPTPP的談判,或許有機會,跑在中國前面。

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