Advocacy group calls to change the childcare calculating unit from “month” to “hour” 育嬰假以月為單位  家長盼以"小時"計假

The group says change will alleviate household’s burden on childcare and help the employers to keep their talents.


Presenter:About 50% of workers taking childcare leave quit when their leave expires, suggesting the system, despite its good intention, is not flexible enough. Some civic groups suggest changing the childcare unit from month to hour.

One parent in two-income households often has to take childcare leave from their job unless the family has help. According to the Ministry of Labor, 48.2 percent of workers taking childcare leave in 2020 never returned to work.

Huang Chiao-ling, Spokesperson, Childcare Policy Alliance:”Excluding people that leave their jobs voluntarily for family reasons, the reason that 14 percent of men and 13 percent of women don't return to their original positions is because they want shorter or more flexible work hours.”

The Childcare Policy Alliance says Taiwanese people are very envious of Sweden's childcare labor system, which allows parents to work full days, half days, quarter days, or one-eighth days based on their childcare needs. The alliance is calling on the government to change the childcare unit from month to hour. However, one expert says Taiwan is not Sweden with its flexible time, and what may be more feasible for Taiwan is allowing workers to take prescheduled childcare leave with advance notice.

Lee Chien-hung, Labor and Human Resources Professor, Chinese Culture University:”(Employees) can give their employers advance notice for childcare leave, whether it's two weeks or a month.”

The Executive Yuan Gender Equality Committee says one of its members has brought up changing the unit for childcare leave to day or hour and it will ask the Ministry of Labor to review the actual need and what other countries are doing.

 

 

要照顧年幼孩子,也要做好工作,是許多雙薪家庭的日常,如果沒有後援,其中一方會請育嬰假,但勞動部109年調查指出,4成82請育嬰假的女性與男性,期滿後,因家庭因素自願離職。

托育政策催生聯盟發言人 黃喬鈴:「我們撇除上面,因為家庭因素而自願離職者,其實有14%跟13%的男性跟女性未回到原單位的原因是他們期待從事工時較短、或較彈性的工作。」

托盟指出,許多民眾期待仿效瑞典的育嬰假,允許全職,半天,四分之一或八分之一工時,以兼顧育兒需求!而請假單位從現行的月,改為以「小時」來請,更符合現場,企業也能留住優質勞動力。不過有學者指出,台灣不像瑞典,有彈性工時銀行制,可能的變通配通,是讓有育兒需求的勞工,實施預先排假權。

文化大學勞動暨人力資源系教授 李健鴻:「一個一定時間以前,譬如說兩週前或一個月前提出他未來兩週或一個月的育嬰假的預排表,讓僱主不會因為這個育嬰假變得太過零碎。」

不只民團提出以小時為單位請育嬰假,行政院性別平等處表示,有委員在2日的會前協商會議表示,期待育嬰假更彈性,以天,以小時計,因此,將請勞動部調查實際情形與需要以及國際作法,滾動修正相關措施。

 

專題|全台敬老金大調查