Survivors at Risk of Developing Acute Stress Disorder: Doctor 醫師:重大事故相關者 易"急性壓力症候群" | 公視新聞網 PNN

Survivors at Risk of Developing Acute Stress Disorder: Doctor 醫師:重大事故相關者 易"急性壓力症候群"

Psychiatrists have warned that survivors and rescue workers of major accidents are at risk of developing acute stress disorder. To prevent the disorder, they can slow down the pace of their lives and maintain a regular work and rest schedule. Family members are advised to be present and to listen.


The remains of 26-year-old Ke Chun-chieh, who perished in the April 2 Taiwan Railways train accident, are delivered to his family home. He was a member of the Bunun tribe in Hualien's Zhuoxi Township but worked in northern Taiwan. He was a filial son, and was heading to Hualien during the long weekend to see his father after hearing he wasn't doing well.
 
Chun-chieh provided for the entire family. After uncle was diagnosed with colorectal cancer, Chun-chieh made plans to take him to Taipei for treatment.
 
He was an obedient child. He told me that he was coming home to pick me up and take me to Taipei. I never thought this could happen.
 
Police say Ke's father required medical treatment after hearing his son was on the ill-fated train and they will provide whatever assistance the family needs. Psychiatrists say survivors, victims' family members, and rescue workers are all at risk of developing acute stress disorder after a major accident. They may become alarmed or scared by news and worry that something will happen to them. They may also dream about accidents and refuse to listen to anything related. This in turn may affect their social interaction and moods.
 
They become alarmed or scared when they hear related news, and all types of situations may negatively affect their moods. They may also use some methods to numb themselves and ease their anxiety, such as drinking alcohol or taking medicine.
 
Doctors say it takes about a month to alleviate acute stress disorder, and those around sufferers are advised to listen attentively, be present, and offer support. They should also try to shift their attention and reduce their contact with news, as well as seek medical treatment if the condition lasts longer than a month.
 
 
 
在警方協助開道下,26歲罹難者柯俊傑的遺體送回老家,他是花蓮卓溪鄉布農族原住民,長年在北部工作的他非常孝順,因得知爸爸最近身體不好,特地在清明連假搭台鐵返家,沒想到就此天人永隔。
 
柯俊傑嫂嫂表示:「家裡的家計,原本都是由俊傑負擔,這次因為舅舅有檢查出來,疑似大腸癌的部分,所以本來俊傑想要帶他去北部,做一個治療。」
 
柯爸爸表示:「從小是很乖,那天說,要回家接我去台北,想不到就發生事情。」
 
警方表示,柯爸爸在第一時間得知自己孩子也搭上這邊死亡列車後,悲傷過度送醫急救,接下來會隨時提供必要協助。其實在每次重大事件發生後,精神科醫師就說,除了生還者、或罹難者家屬、救災人員等,都容易產生"急性壓力症候群",他們可能會對相關新聞驚恐、害怕、壓力大,怕災難發生在自己身上、做夢也會夢到,甚至怕到不敢聽,進而影響到社交活動,情緒穩定也會受到影響。
 
精神科醫師 楊聰財表示:「接觸到這些訊息的時候,會驚恐、害怕,甚至藉由各種狀況,會讓自己情緒容易不安,甚至用一些方法,來麻醉自己。譬如說,認為喝酒或藥物,鎮靜自己的焦慮。」
 
醫生說,這樣的急性壓力障礙,普遍會要一個月才慢慢緩解,若身邊真的有此事件的受害者、倖存者,建議要多傾聽、陪伴、支持,也應轉移注意力,少接觸電視、報紙或網路相關新聞,若超過一個月仍受創傷壓力所苦,應盡速到身心科或精神科求診,避免疾病慢性化。
 

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