Special Municipality Mayor Candidates Need to Pay NT$2Mln Deposit 民團質疑選舉保證金門檻 剝奪參政權利

To run for mayor in a special municipality, candidates have to hand over a deposit of NT$2 million. Civic groups say the rights of youths and poor people to participate in politics are being violated. Legislator Fan Yun said three years ago, she fought the system by taking it to court. Last month, the Taipei District High Court dismissed her suit. Fan says she will appeal and apply for a constitutional interpretation.


Carpe diem.
 
In 2018, Taipei City mayor candidate Wu E-yang shot to fame by singing as he presented his political platform. To run for mayor of a special municipality, candidates have to hand over a deposit of NT$2 million. To run for president, candidates have to hand over NT$15 million. To run for legislator or magistrate, candidates are required to pay NT$200,000. If a candidate fails to get a certain number of votes, their deposit is confiscated. Civic groups have long criticized the system, saying it prevents young people and poor people from participating in politics.
 
Election deposits are unconstitutional.
 
Some people could hand over NT$2 million cash just to sing a song but (I personally) can't run for (Taipei City mayor) because the threshold is so high.
 
Fan Yun wants the system abolished. She refused to pay the deposit to run for Taipei City mayor three years ago, and the Taipei City Election Commission refused to process her candidacy application. She filed an administrative lawsuit, which was dismissed by the Taipei District High Court last month. Fan is appealing and says she will apply for a constitutional interpretation if needed.
 
Having money doesn't mean you won't abuse the system, and not having money doesn't mean you will abuse the system. A deposit system can't guarantee one or the other.
 
The deposit makes it impossible for poor people to participate in politics.
 
London mayor and UK parliament candidates only have to pay a deposit equivalent to NT$200,000 and NT$25,000, respectively. Japanese House of Representatives and House of Councillor candidates, meanwhile, only have to pay a deposit equivalent to NT$80,000. Italy, France and some US states do not require deposits, while Germany and Canada have ruled the system unconstitutional. Legal experts in Taiwan say the deposit threshold is too high and does not prevent election abuse, and it should therefore be replaced with a signature or registration system.
 
 
 
2018年台北市長候選人 吳蕚洋(2018.11.10):「人生短短幾個秋…」
 
2018年台北市長選舉,候選人吳蕚洋在政見發表會上忽然高歌,讓他從素人參政一炮而紅,前提要先交出200萬保證金,才能取得參選門票。依選罷法規定,在台灣選總統要1500萬、直轄市長200萬元、立委、
縣長20萬元。若得票數未達標,保證金將全數沒收。過去也被公民團體質疑,高門檻制度,剝奪青年、窮人平等參政的權利。
 
「選舉保證金,違憲!」
 
民進黨立委 范雲表示:「有人可以繳兩百萬,去唱一首歌。(我)卻因為高門檻,(選台北市長)連參賽資格,都沒有。」
 
范雲主張廢除選舉保證金門檻主張,三年前曾打算選台北市長,當時因拒繳200萬保證金,遭台北市選委會拒絕受理,而提起行政訴訟,上個月遭台北高等行政法院判敗訴。他與律師團將提出上訴,若再遭駁回將聲請大法官釋憲。
 
律師 陳鵬光表示:「有錢,不代表就不會濫行參選,而沒有錢,也並不代表一定會濫行參選。有沒有資歷去負擔保證金,它並沒辦法作為區辨。」
 
台灣守護民主平台會長 張峰益表示:「保證金,讓窮人沒辦法進入政治參與門檻。」
 
英國參選倫敦市長繳交5000英鎊、約新台幣20萬元、參選國會議員繳2萬5千元台幣;日本參議員、眾議員則須交約台幣8萬。目前美國加州、義大利及法國並無保證金制度。而德國、加拿大也陸續宣告保證金制違憲。過去的保證金制度是為了阻止濫行參選,但律師認為高保證金門檻,並無法抑制浮濫參選,不如仿效國外的公民連署登記制取代。
 

專題|全台敬老金大調查