Legislative Constitutional Reform Committee Gets to Work|修憲議題共16案 含18歲公民權.考監改制等 - 公視新聞網

Legislative Constitutional Reform Committee Gets to Work|修憲議題共16案 含18歲公民權.考監改制等


The Legislative Yuan has a new committee that will review 16 constitutional amendments including a lower citizenship age and the abolishment of the Control Yuan and Examination Yuan. The 39 members of the committee were announced on Sept 30.


According to reports, the legislature's new constitutional reform committee will review 16 amendments during the current session including a citizenship age of 18, the abolishment of the Control Yuan and Examination Yuan, reforms to the organizational structure of the government, basic national policy revisions, and human rights lists.

Pragmatic constitutional amendments, normalize the country.
 
Lawmakers from the Democratic Progressive Party's Taiwan Normal Country Promotion Association are proposing further revisions to "normalize" Taiwan as a country by changing the phrase in the foreword "to meet the requisites of the nation prior to national unification" to "to meet the requisites of national development" and the phrase in Article 4 of "the territory of the Republic of China according to its existing national boundaries" to "all areas of the Republic of China effective under the Constitution."

In the past, "unification" only appeared in the national unification guidelines. The national unification guidelines have gone the way of history.

DPP lawmaker Chen Ting-fei says the changes conform to the status quo. Other proposed revisions address the abolishment of "Taiwan province," using the name "Taiwan" in foreign affairs, and digital precautions against foreign infiltration.

The 13th anniversary of the Democratic Progressive Party passing its "normal country" resolution is today.
 
Representation on the committee was based on the proportionality of party-list representation in the legislature. The DPP caucus has already finalized its 22 members on the committee, while the Kuomintang finalized its list on the 30th. On the KMT's list is indigenous lawmaker Sra Kacaw.

We are reviewing (constitutional) revisions from an indigenous perspective to make sure indigenous rights are not affected. So, we felt it was extremely important to have an indigenous representative (on the committee).

The legislature will have to pass all revisions by Mar. 29, 2022 if the revisions are to be tied in with the nine-in-one 2022 elections.
 
 
 
立法院日前經朝野協商,同意成立修憲委員會,據了解,目前已送交立院的修憲草案,議題包括18歲公民權、考監兩院改制、政府體制改革、基本國策修改與納入人權清單,共計16案。
 
「務實修憲,正常國家。」
 
民進黨「正國會」系統立委,30號則再提出憲法增修條文修正草案,議題鎖定邁向「正常化國家」,因此提案修正憲法前言中的「為因應國家統一前之需要」改為「為因應國家發展之需要」,以及第四條「中華民國領土,依其固有疆域」改為「中華民國領土範圍為憲法效力所及地區」。
 
民進黨立委 陳亭妃表示:「過去的統一,就只有在"國統綱領"裡面,才會出現。"國統綱領"已經是一個歷史了。」
 
對於外界質疑,此草案要「變更領土」,陳亭妃強調,草案內容符合現狀。其他修正內容包括實質廢省、以台灣名義進行涉外事務、在數位領域防範境外敵對勢力等。
 
民進黨立委 陳亭妃表示:「民進黨,通過"正常國家"決議文的第13週年,剛好是今天。」
 
修憲委員會的39人名單,依政黨比例推派。民進黨團已敲定包括黨團書記長莊瑞雄在內的22人名單。國民黨團名單30號也正式拍板送出,最後一個名額為國民黨原住民立委鄭天財,黨主席江啟臣確定不參與。
 
立法院國民黨團書記長 林奕華表示:「比較站在原民的角度,來檢視,所有的這個(憲法)法條修正,都不會影響到原民的權益。所以我們覺得,有一位原民的代表在裡面,是很重要的。」
 
根據立院草擬的時程方案,如果修憲複決要搭配2022年九合一大選舉行,立院院會最晚須在2022年3月29號決議通過修憲案。
 

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