World Leaders Express Concerns Over Amazon Fires|亞馬遜雨林森林大火 引起國際高度重視


The Amazon rainforest supplies one-fifth of the world's oxygen supply. It is currently burning at an unprecedented rate, and the international community is worried. French President Emmanuel Macron has called on the G7 Summit members to place this "international crisis"at the top of the agenda. However, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, who will not be attending the summit, accused his french counterpart of evoking a "colonialist mentality" that is out of place in the 21st century.

The footage shows Sao Paulo, Brazil's most populous city, at 4 p.m. on Aug. 19. Strong winds had blown the thick smoke from the fires ravaging the Amazon rainforest 2,700 kilometers away into the city, leaving the city in complete darkness for about one hour. Data from Brazil's National Institute for Space Research showed that the country has seen 74,155 wildfires this year, an 85 percent increase compared to the same period last year. The institute's scientists also confirmed that 99 percent of the fires resulted from human actions. Since Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, a right-wing nationalist who is known as "Brazil's Trump," took office in January 2019, he has put money above everything else and has allowed the development of rainforest that was previously protected, ignoring the important role that rainforests play in absorbing carbon dioxide. After the fires started, he accused certain domestic NGOs of starting the fires in retaliation for losing state funds under his administration, even though there was no evidence to support his statement. On Aug. 22, during the Latin America and Caribbean Climate Week in Salvador, the capital of Brazilian state Bahia, Brazil's minister of the environment gave a speech, and was booed by NGOs.

Lie, lie, lie! The violence against the environment is, I have no words to describe it. But it is very intense, we have the release of pesticides, we see the fires and the lack of positioning from the government, and that is very worrisome.

On Aug. 22, French President Emmanuel Macron tweeted that "Our house is burning" and "The Amazon rain forest - the lungs which produces 20 percent of our planet's oxygen - is on fire." He proposed discussing this emergency as the first order of business during the upcoming G7 Summit, which starts on Aug. 24. United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres also expressed his concerns over this issue. In response, Bolsonaro tweeted that the French president's suggestion that Amazonian issues be discussed at the G7 without the participation of the countries of the region evokes a misplaced colonialist mindset in the 21st century.


地球五分之一氧氣的來源亞馬遜雨林,遭遇破紀錄的森林大火,引起國際社會高度重視。G7七大工業國集團高峰會的,主辦國法國總統馬克宏提議把亞馬遜大火,列為首要討論議題,卻遭巴西總統波索納洛指控是「殖民主義者思想」。而另一方面,波索納洛22號也首度坦承,巴西欠缺資源來對抗這場大火。

畫面上看到的是巴西第一大城聖保羅,19號下午四點鐘左右的景象,強風把2700公里遠亞馬遜雨林大火的濃煙,吹進了聖保羅的天空,整個城市一片漆黑持續了大約一個小時。巴西國家太空研究所INPE的資料顯示,今年一月以來,巴西境內的亞馬遜森林發生了七萬四千一百五十五起火災,較去年同期增加了85%。IPNE的資深科學家還證實大火99%是人所造成的。

極右派有「巴西川普」稱號的總統波索納洛上台之後,一切向錢看,將原本受保護的林地開放做商業使用,無視亞馬遜林地對吸收地球二氧化碳的重要性。大火發生後,波索納洛在沒有確切證據的情況下,便指控是國內的某些非政府組織NGO放的火,為的是他們的經費來源短缺了。
22號在巴伊亞州首府薩爾瓦多市,舉行的拉丁美洲與加勒比海氣候週活動,巴西環境部長發表談話便到NGO團体的大聲抵制。

巴西都市永續發展專家 拉吉
說謊 說謊 說謊 對環境的暴力 我已經沒有話可以來形容 是非常嚴重的
我們使用殺蟲劑 我們看到大火以及政府的缺乏定位 讓人非常擔憂

法國總統馬克宏22號在推特以"我們的房子失火了為題"發文,形容產生地球20%氧氣的亞馬遜這場大火,並提議在週末召開的G7七大工業國高峰會,將此列為首要討論議題。聯合國秘書長古特雷斯也對此表達嚴正關切。但卻遭波索納洛批評是一種錯誤的殖民主義者思想,理由是與這事切身相關的區域國家都未出席