Lawmakers Call on Rear-Facing Car Seats for Children Under 4|促2-4歲童強制用後向式安全椅 推動修法


According to the statistics from the Ministry of Transportation and Communications, a total of 962 children were injured or killed last year sitting in vehicles that were involved accidents. Local child safety groups and legislators have proposed to amend the law and enhance protection for children. They also cited researches conducted in foreign countries which show that children who remain in rear-facing seats are indeed safer.


Carrying a toddler onto the safety car seat, make sure the seatbelt is secured, and turn the seat backwards. According to the law, all children under the age of one must be secured in a rear-facing children's safety car seat when they ride in vehicles, and parents found in violation of the rule are subject to fines of between NT$ 1,500 to NT$ 3,000. However, local child safety groups have pointed out that as children's neck and spine are not fully developed, many foreign countries have extended the need to ride in rear-facing seats to two to four years old.

The Swedish government has mandated, since the 1960's that all children under the age of 4 have to be secured in rear-facing seats when riding in vehicles. In the United States, the state of California and New York have also amended their law in similar fashion last year. However, in Taiwan, our law still mandates only children under the age 1 sit backwards in vehicles.

According to the statistics from the Ministry of Transportation and Communications, last year, there were 962 children under 12 who were injured or killed while sitting in vehicles that were involved in accidents. Despite the fact that child safety seats provide a certain amount of protection, local child safety groups have pointed out that there have been accidents where children under the age of two have died while sitting in forward-facing child safety seats. Researches from the American Academy of Pediatrics have shown that rear facing child safety seats can reduce impact and provide better protection to children. Many parents in Taiwan are also in favor for amending the law to provide better protection.

I really do think (using rear-facing seats) is safer. I didn't care too much myself, but after seeing the reports, I think (forward facing child seats) could be pretty dangerous. Nowadays, I make sure to secure my children in seats facing backwards.

(Using rear-facing child seats) is one way to avoid whiplash effect on children during accidents. While the father is driving, the mother has to stay by the children and comfort them, which works out very well.

The Ministry of Transportation and Communications said they are happy to see amendment bills from legislators. On the other hand, the ministry said parents must also take into consideration their children's size when choosing child seats. The ministry also said the matter also requires standardization of these products, which requires further discussion with the Ministry of Economic Affairs and the Ministry of Health and Welfare. The ministry said it will call on parents to extend the age of placing their in rear-facing child seats.



把幼兒抱上汽車安全座椅,從雙肩拉下安全帶扣好固定,再把汽座轉向後方,這就是一歲以下幼兒依照現行規定,必須使用的"後向幼童用座椅",違反規定可開罰1500元到3000元,不過,民間團體指出,因幼兒的脖子和頸椎,都還未發育完全,國外多半已修法將後向式乘坐的年齡,延長到2歲甚至4歲。

靖娟基金會執行長 林月琴表示:「在瑞典事實上1960年,他們就已經上修到四歲以下的孩子,都要乘坐我們的後向式的安全座椅,那美國事實上在去年,我們的加州跟紐約,事實上也都修法,可是我們(台灣)還是停留在一歲以下。」

根據交通部統計,去年有 962名12歲以下兒童,因搭乘汽車時發生交通事故,死亡或受傷,儘管使用安全汽座可以達到一定保護力,但民間團體指出,過去就有不到兩歲的幼兒搭乘"前向式汽座",在發生交通事故時喪命的案例,美國兒科醫學會也有研究指出"後向乘坐安全座椅"能減少衝撞力,對幼兒更具有保護力,國內也不少有家長贊成,修法來規範。

家長表示:「其實我覺得這樣真的比較安全,因為自己都覺得無所謂,可是看了報導就覺得滿危險的,現在也是注意一下就是儘量都是坐後向乘坐。」

家長表示:「這樣子的一個方式,因為避免可以,就是造成甩鞭效應這樣子,可能在爸爸開車的同時,媽媽就務必會隨側在旁邊,那其實安撫小孩子的效果還不錯。」

交通部回應,對於立委提案修法樂觀其成,但後向乘坐也得考量幼兒的體型,也涉及商品標準規格,後續會與經濟部和衛福部跨部會研商,現階段會以加強宣導的方式,來呼籲家長延長後向乘坐的年紀。

專題|全台敬老金大調查