INCOME BETWEEN RICH AND POOR HOUSEHOLDS HAS 5-FOLD GAP|收支調查統計 前後20%家庭所得差6.06倍

The latest "Survey of Family Income and Expenditure" from the Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics (DBGAS) showed that last year the income of the top 20 percent of households was 5.06 times higher than that of the lowest 20 percent. DBGAS Minister Chu Tzer-ming said the figure is only 0.01 times higher, which some analysts find to be seriously underestimated. Collecting empty bottles, PET bottles and cartons for sale is over seventy-year-old Mr. Tsai's job at the weekend. The money he makes a month may not be enough to pay his cellphone bill. ==MR. TSAI, low-income household== I make hundreds of NTdollars or so a month. I am too old to get a job. From Monday to Friday, he gives out flyers after work. Besides odd jobs, he serves meals at the social welfare organization. Though he does not get paid, he is quite satisfied with the free meals and accommodation. ==MR. TSAI, low-income household== I am satisfied with a place to live in as long as there is no typhoon or something. The irony is that a luxury mansion, is being built within 10 meters of the social welfare organization and is about to be completed. The price for each ping is in the seven-digits, amid the flagging economy of the real-estate industry, a large gap between rich and poor. Past official statistics show the gap between rich and poor has narrowed five years in a row. The latest Survey of Family Income and Expenditure showed the average income of the top 20 percent is NT$1.94 million, 5.06 times higher than that of the lowest 20 percent, which is NT$32,000. ==CHU TZER-MING, DGBAS Minister== In 2014, the figure was around 5 times higher, which was 5.05 last year while the latest is 5.06. The gap is not that large as you might think. In contrast to Western countries, the gap between rich and poor in Taiwan is not that large, DGBAS said. The top 1 percent of the rich, who accounted for 6 percent of the income of population nationwide in 1981, rose to 10.68 percent over the past 30 years. The phenomenon of rich people continuing to accumulate wealth is not obvious. Analysts argue, however, that overseas investment to evade tax, along with low transaction tax in real-estate make those at the top of the pyramid earn much more. Therefore, they suggest the government analyze information like the survey of income and expenditure across the ministries to reflect the realities of the income gap. TRANSLATED BY:BRYANT CHANG 主計總處公佈最新「家庭收支調查」,去年所得最高前20%的家庭、與最低20%家庭,所得差距為6.06 倍!主計長朱澤民表示,和去年相比只微幅成長0.01倍,不過有學者認為,實際的貧富差距,恐怕被嚴重低估。 四處收集空罐,寶特瓶,還有廢紙箱變賣,這是年過七十的蔡伯伯,週末假日的工作,一個月下來賺得錢,恐怕連一般人繳手機通話費都不夠. ==低收入戶 蔡先生== (一個月賺)幾百塊錢而已 公司我們年齡都超過了 公司又不請我們啊 因此平日一到五,還得四處發傳單,打零工之餘,他其實也在社福機構幫忙,打飯送菜,雖不支薪,但供吃住,而這兩坪大的小房間,就是他的小天地,他說有個棲身之處,就很滿足了. ==低收入戶 蔡先生== 能夠有一個安身 不要碰到那個 颳風下雨就好了啊 然而諷刺的是,就在社福機構隔壁,不到10公尺處, 一棟豪宅即將落成,在低迷房市景氣中,每坪售價依舊衝上7位數,形成強烈對比的貧富差距! 但根據過去官方公佈數據,貧富差距卻是連續5年縮小,而根據主計總處,公佈最新家庭收支調查發現,所得最高前20%,所得平均為194萬,所得最低的20%,平均為32萬,所得差距為6.06倍. ==主計總處主計長 朱澤民== (民國)103年是上下5倍的 是那個6.05(倍) 現在是6.06(倍) 只差一點點啦 就是沒有外界講的那麼嚴重啦 主計總處認為,和世界各國相比,台灣貧富差距,並沒有歐美各國嚴重,因為從最富有的前1%,財富占比來看,1981年當時約佔全國人口所得的6%,過了30多年,只提升到10.68%,雖然財富往富人集中,但沒有急速惡化,但有學者認為, (以下( )省略不翻:主計總處的衡量指標,家庭收支調查,因為採抽樣調查,樣本數約1.5萬戶,收入由低到高,切分為五等份,存在著極大誤差,如果以財政部,財稅資料分析,則有超過600萬的報稅家戶, 再以二十等分下去細分,精準度較高而財稅資料也是近年,世界各國衡量貧富差距的重要指標. ==文化大學社福系副教授 洪明皇== 跟財稅資料比起來的話 家庭收支調查 它顯現出的貧富差距 就是比較緩和 那過去不管是扁政府或馬政府 他們不願意面對這個真相 所以每次總是 拿家庭收支調查出來擋 台灣高所得者 他所得份額那個成長曲線 跟英國跟美國 我想都是 很急速的往右上方變動啦 那就表示台灣高所得者 他所得份額累積的速度是快的 根據財稅資料來看,收入最高的前5%與最少的後5%,家庭所得差距,從2005年55倍,到了2014年,則擴大到近112倍已增加了1倍以上,但學者認為,這樣數據依舊還是被低估,因為)真正的有錢人,海外投資避稅,根本課不到,加上不動產交易稅偏低,金字塔頂端的有錢人實際上賺更多, 因此學者建議,如果把收支調查與財稅資料,跨部會一起做分析,貧富差距數據才會更貼近事實. 記者 黃立偉 張國樑 台北報導

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