JAPANESE UNIVERSITIES DROP, CHINESE RISE|亞洲大學新排名 東京大學跌龍頭寶座

The Times Higher Education issued the Asia University Rankings for 2016 on June 21. The University of Tokyo has lost its place at the top of the list and ended up number 7 this year. Japan's Kyoto University also dropped from rank 9th to 11th. On June 21, the Times Higher Education issued the Asia University Rankings for 2016. Japan's University of Tokyo fell from top place and only ranks 7th this year among Asian universities. Kyoto University and Tohoku University, which ranked 9th and 19th in 2015, fall to a rank of 11th and 23rd this year. ==ABE WATARU, NHK anchor== The Times Higher Education's top Asia universities rankings employ 13 performance indicators such as research and citations. The University of Tokyo had ranked first for the past three years. However, it is seventh this year. Singapore is home to the top two universities. National University of Singapore claims first place and Nanyang Technological University comes second. China's Peking University also ranks second. Among the 200 Asian universities are 10 Taiwanese universities, with National Taiwan University ranked 15th.This is also the first time Chinese universities beat Japanese universities, with 22 to 14 on the list. ==ABE WATARU, NHK anchor== The Times Higher Education pointed out that both the Singaporean and Chinese government have been giving universities a significant amount of money. While in Japan, universities have suffered insufficient funds for the past two decades. There is little support for competing with universities worldwide. Japan's media The Mainichi analyzed the cause of Japanese universities' falling rankings. It pointed out that the government had made a policy in 2011 to help at least 10 universities enter the top 100 World University Rankings. However, the policy didn't take effect until 2014, with 37 universities receiving support. Experts suggested that if the Japanese government has difficulty in supporting universities financially, private donations can be considered. They hope to enhance Japanese Universities' international competitiveness by drawing more money from all Japan. TRANSLATED BY:ARIEL HSIEH 這個月21號,英國的教育專刊「泰晤士高等教育」,根據2015年的數據,公布了2016年,「亞洲大學兩百大」大學排行榜。日本的學校中,除了東京大學,摔下了冠軍寶座外,原本排名第九的京都大學,跟19名的東北大學,都落到了第11跟第23名。 ==NHK主播 阿部涉== 英國的教育專刊 泰晤士高等教育 以研究內容跟論文引用次數等 13種指標發表亞洲的大學排名 到去年為止 連續三年奪冠的 東京大學掉落到第七名 今年排行榜上,第一名由去年的第二名,新加坡國立大學奪下,第二名則是新加坡南洋理工大學,跟中國北京大學並列,這兩個學校在2015年時,分別為第10名與第4名。而進入百大的學校中,台灣學校佔了10所,成績最好的就是第15名的台灣大學。至於日本的大學,佔比從19所學校降為14校,首次輸給了中國的22所學校。 ==NHK主播 阿部涉== 對此 英國教育專刊指出 新加坡跟中國政府 對大學投入了優厚的資金 藉以集中優秀人才 但日本過去20年來 大學受到資金(不足)的限制 與世界各大學的競爭 或大學國際化的支援很少 日媒「每日新聞」分析,政府在2001年,已經制定「超級環球大學」策略,要協助各大學,到2011年間,至少要有10間大學,進入「世界百大大學」排名。但這個策略直到2014年,才開始落實支援37間重點學校,協助校方加強海外合作、國際化等教學活動,起步已經慢了不少。 此外,由於「泰晤士高等教育」的評分,在「論文引用數」方面,佔了三成,受到不少專家爭議。曾任美國普林斯頓大學客座研究員,高橋洋一教授認為,中國學生論文數量,近年來急速增加,數量龐大,加上論文多用英文撰寫,都為中國大學在「論文引用」的分數,增分不少。 學者建議,如果政府在資金上,難以增加補助,或許可以考慮開放民間捐款,並將捐款額列入所得稅扣除項目,將協助大學資金的來源擴大,讓全民都能協助日本大學,爭取國際競爭力。 記者 陳詩童 報導