In other news, in Ethiopia, a native breed of wolf is under threat as human settlements expand into what should be protected areas. Due to habitat loss, there are now fewer than 500 Ethiopian wolves remaining in the country.
Rising 3,600 meters above sea level, thousands of Ethiopian wolves once roamed the breathtaking escarpments located in the Simien Mountains National Park in northern Ethiopia. However, in recent decades, their numbers have fallen drastically as farmers encroach on their habitat and introduce domestic dogs that carry rabies. The remaining wolves, which are said to be only around 120 in number, are usually seen shortly after sunrise or just before sunset, living in small pockets of the park.
==GETACHEW ASSEFA Ethiopian Wolf Cnsv Prog Coordinator, Simien Mt Nat'l Park==
They are almost at the brink of extinction. So my vision is to increase their number significantly.
To save these wolves, an action is now underway to relocate the human settlers living in the national park. More than two-thirds of the area within the park that is currently used for grazing, agriculture and settlement by the local community will be dedicated to the wolves. The regional government started a resettlement program three years ago. The Gichi villagers, who used to live in the heart of the park, all moved to a nearby town after each of them acquired a 250 square meter plot of land. However, the government's recent meeting with the remaining farmers in the protected area was beset with difficulties, as the farmers insisted on a better compensation package.
==ZEZO ADUGNA, villager residing in the park==
We came to agree that we will all protect the park from anything bad. And we asked for continued support of the organization (government) in the future so that the next generation will be well aware so as not to put pressure on the park. We want our children to depart from farming life and progress in a better direction so that they will create no additional pressure on the park.
According to the Ethiopian Wildlife Authority, there are 38 villages totaling 3,000 people still living within the boundaries of the national park. The fate of the Ethiopian mountain wolf here lies in the hands of the villagers.
TRANSLATED BY：ARIEL HSIEH
ETHIOPIA MOUNTAIN WOLVES ARE UNDER THREAT DUE TO HABITAT LOSS|生活環境受威脅 衣索比亞狼面臨生存危機
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